The semien mountain massif is one of the major highlands of Africa, rising to the highest point in Ethiopia, as Dejen (4620m), which is the fourth highest peak in the continent.
Although in Africa and not too far from the equator, snow and ice appear on the highest points and night temperatures often fall below zero. The national park has three general botanical regions. The lower slopes have been.
Cultivated and grazed, while the alpine regions (up to 3600m) were forested, although much has now disappeared. The higher lands are mountain grasslands with fescue grasses as well as heathers, splendid Red Hot Pokers and Giant Lobelia. The park was created primarily to protect the Walia Ibex, a type of wild goat, and over 1000 are said to live in the park.
Also in the park are families of the Gelada Baboon and the rare Semien fox. The Semien fox, although named after the mountains are rarely seen by the visitor. Over 50 species of birds have been reported in the Semien Mountains.
Access to the park is from Debark, 101 km from Gonder, where riding & pack animals
may be hired. This should be arranged in Semien Mountain NP is famous for its spectacular topography and endemic animals.It is the Home of endemic animal’s walia Ibex’s, semien Red fox and Gelada baboon& other birds such as lammergeyer .The park covers 17958 Km & the highest peak inEthiopia (ras degen 4.620 meters) stands adjacent to the park. It registered by UNECO as world heritage.